Sporulation by Guthrie and Fink recipe


Maitreya Dunham

January 2005


SPO++ media


Small batches recommended to avoid contamination problems.


200 ml

0.5 g          yeast extract

3 g             potassium acetate

water to 200 ml


Autoclave.  Once cool, add:


1.25 ml       40% glucose

20 ml          10X amino acid stock


10X amino acid stock


100 ml

40 mg        adenine

40 mg        uracil

40 mg        tyrosine

20 mg        histidine

20 mg        leucine

20 mg        lysine

20 mg        tryptophan

20 mg        methionine

20 mg        arginine

100 mg      phenylalanine

350 mg      threonine

water to 100 ml


Filter sterilize and store at 4C in the dark.




Streak for a fresh colony.

Grow an overnight in YPD.

Spin down ~250 Ál cells (can vary for different strains).

Decant supernatant and resuspend pellet in 2 ml SPO++.

Transfer to a culture tube.  Also make a no cells control to test for contamination.

Let rotate at 30C or at room temperature, depending on the strain.  I use 30C for most strains.

Check the cultures under the microscope to see if they've sporulated.

SK1 strain will sporulate overnight with very high efficiency.

Y55 takes maybe 2 days, but should also be high.

S288C and CEN.PK take 3 or more days, with low efficiency.




You'll need dissection plates:  add 25 ml YPD with a plastic strippette to plates on a very level surface.  Once solid, invert.  Let dry at room temperature for ~3 days.  Bag.  Best after aging for a while.


Spin down 250 ul of sporulated culture.

Resuspend in 250 ul sterile water.

Mix 17 ul culture with 3 ul B-glucuronidase (can vary by strain).

Let sit 15-45 minutes (depends on strain, culture, and ambient conditions) until digested.  I generally start 2 digestions and stop one after 20 minutes and the other after 30 and use which one is better.

Check for digestion under the microscope.

Gently add 100 ul water.  The goal is to suspend the cells without breaking up the tetrads.

Pick out your favorite dissection plate.  The plate should not look wet, but when the side is deformed with your thumb, little droplets of water should squeeze out from the surface of the agar.  The droplets should be immediately reabsorbed once the pressure is released.

Mark the center of the plate.

Drip 20 ul down the center.

Let absorb into the plate.